ТЕРРОРИЗМ В РОССИЙСКОЙ ИМПЕРИИ: УРОКИ ИСТОРИИ ДЛЯ СЕГОДНЯШНЕЙ ВОЙНЫ ПРОТИВ ТЕРРОРИЗМА Часть II: Организация «Народная Воля» и ее роль в истории политического терроризма в России


https://doi.org/10.17748/2075-9908-2019-11-2-83-102

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Аннотация

Введение. Данная статья исследует роль и значение революционной народнической социалистической организации «Народная воля» в истории политического терроризма в Российской империи.

Методы. Две волны политического террора имели место в Российской империи в 1878-1894 гг. и в 1894-1916 гг. «Народная воля» занимала доминирующее место в первой волне террора, и главным достижением народовольцев было цареубийство Александра II 1 марта 1881 года. Во второй волне террора, особенно в революции 1905-1907 гг., многие левые партии и движения принимали участие в террористической борьбе. Элементы преемственности преобладали во второй вспышке террора, главным образом благодаря наследию «Народной воли» по части определения целей и тактики террористической активности.

Результаты. Народовольцы приобретали большой идеалистический и романтический ареол, поэтому будущие террористы не могли изменить цели и тактику из-за боязни измены наследию этой организации. Традиция «Народной воли» предопределяла не только цели и тактики террористов второго поколения, но и ответы либералов, консерваторов и самодержавия в обеих волнах терроризма. Многие группировки в правительстве и политических классах использовали терроризм для достижения своих политических целей и оправдания своих ответов на террористическую угрозу.

Выводы. «Народная воля» продолжает занимать особое место в истории политического терроризма в современном мире. Однако объективное исследование «Народной воли» еще представляется достаточно затруднительной задачей, потому что на протяжении 140 лет историография этой революционной организации содержит большие элементы мифотворчества и множество белых пятен.


Об авторе

Тони РОККИ
Справочная библиотека Торонто г. Торонто, Канада
Канада
магистр исторических наук, магистр библиотековедения, научный сотрудник библиотеки, Справочная библиотека Торонто 


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Для цитирования: РОККИ Т. ТЕРРОРИЗМ В РОССИЙСКОЙ ИМПЕРИИ: УРОКИ ИСТОРИИ ДЛЯ СЕГОДНЯШНЕЙ ВОЙНЫ ПРОТИВ ТЕРРОРИЗМА Часть II: Организация «Народная Воля» и ее роль в истории политического терроризма в России. Историческая и социально-образовательная мысль. 2019;11(2):83-102. https://doi.org/10.17748/2075-9908-2019-11-2-83-102

For citation: ROCCHI T. TERRORISM IN THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE: LESSONS OF HISTORY FOR TODAY’S WAR ON TERRORISM Part II: The People’s Will and its role in the history of political terrorism in Russia. Historical and social-educational ideas. 2019;11(2):83-102. https://doi.org/10.17748/2075-9908-2019-11-2-83-102

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